The 5 Common Skin Types

Skin type is one of the many wonderful things that differentiate people.  Dermatologists usually categorize skin into five common skin types: normal, oily, dry, combination and sensitive.  Knowing your skin type can help you develop a skin care regimen that will bring out your best skin, select treatment options when skin problems arise, avoid exposure to certain products that may irritate your skin, and protect you against damaging UV rays. 

Skin type is initially genetic, but it can be altered by lifestyle choices as we get older.  These include diet, sun exposure, environment, skin care products and makeup.  Determining your skin type is fairly simple.  Wipe your skin when you wake up in the morning and see what you feel.  Based on the skin characteristics below, you can figure out where your skin falls. 

Oily Skin

More prone to blemishes and enlarged pores, oily skin may result from stress, too much heat and humidity or hormonal changes.  Oily skin often looks shiny as oil can be visible when it sits atop skin.

How to care for oily skin:  Oily skin needs to be cleaned often.  Washing only in the morning and at night may not cut it.  Try to wash more often, especially after sweating or being exposed to outside debris that can clog pores.  Be sure not to scrub vigorously.  Gentle cleaning will sufficiently remove dirt and sweat.  Exfoliate several times a week for deeper cleaning and conditioning of your skin.  And leave those pesky pimples alone.  Popping them can cause a longer healing time, bleeding and scarring, and spread infections around your face. 

Dry Skin

In addition to genetics, dry skin is highly affected by the weather, indoor temperatures, prolonged contact with hot water, hormonal changes, medications and some personal care product ingredients.  Skin usually appears dull in red and may be prone to cracking, peeling, irritation and itchiness.  Dry skin may show more fine lines and be less elastic. 

How to care for dry skin:  When bathing, take shorter baths or showers and use mild soaps without fragrances.  After washing your skin, pat it dry leaving some moisture on the skin.  Moisturize immediately after washing.  A thicker or nourishing oil-based formula may work best, or try our Natura Veda Hyaluronic Acid Day Serum designed especially to lock in moisture.  A nutrient-rich hydrating mist is great for dry skin just after washing and throughout the day.  Also, protect skin from exposure to wind and cold weather and wear gloves when using cleaning solvents.  A humidifier in your home may help keep your skin more hydrated throughout the day and night too.

Combination Skin

Most women have combination skin, which means there is oil around the creases of the nose, forehead and chin (known as the T-zone), but other areas are clean.  You may experience patches of dryness in certain spots such as around your eyes or cheeks. 

How to care for combination skin:  These different areas should be pampered differently to address each condition.  The oily zones need regular cleansing.  Try using a foaming facial cleanser that will allow you to spot clean better than traditional watery bubble cleansers.  On dry spots, add extra moisturizer that will keep skin hydrated.  Be sure to use a night time eye serum that will encourage blood flow and cell rejuvenation. 

Normal Skin

Lucky you!  You have the rarest skin type, with few imperfections, small pores and little sensitivity.  Your skin probably exudes a natural glow.

How to care for normal skin:  Even with nearly perfect skin, be picky about your skin care ingredients.  Using natural, plant-based products will help reduce risk of toxins and potentially irritating substances, and keep skin nourished to continue to look radiant.

Sensitive Skin 

Fragile sensitive skin often reacts to diet, environment and topical products.  It may appear red, rash-like or splotchy and feel itchy, scaly, tingly, dry or burning. 

How to care for sensitive skin:  If you believe your diet or allergies could be the cause of your sensitive skin, see your physician or a nutritionist to get to the bottom of it.  A dermatologist may be able to properly diagnose sensitive skin as you may have rosacea, dermatitis or severe acne, and she can recommend a course of treatment as well.  Many natural skin care products work better on sensitive skin as they don’t contain irritating chemicals and fillers.

Natura Veda’s line of skin care products is designed for all skin types.  Our gentle-yet-effective formula uses natural nutraceuticals, botanicals, essential oils and phyto-nutrients to clean, repair, refresh and invigorate all types of skin.  We encourage you to learn your skin type in order to select the best combination of Natura Veda products for your most beautiful complexion. 

Erin Stieglitz
Erin Stieglitz